How to planting Strawberry, Growing Tips, Techniques and Care
How to planting strawberry step by step?
The planting strawberry can be grown in the ground, pot, or water. However, this time it will only refer to sowing in the ground, which can be a pot, a garden, or an open field.
Planting Strawberry growing tips
- Can be planted from the schools acquired commercially at nurseries, which are nothing more than the children obtained from mother plants or to through seeds, although it is a more complicated and time- consuming option, it is also possible
- It is recommended to acquire the seedlings that have a healthy appearance and make sure that they do not have the presence of any plague, likewise to acquire them a day before sowing, in such a way as to leave the plant soaking in water overnight.
- Depending on the type of planting strawberry you want to grow, different fruits will be obtained, there are many pure species of strawberry and there are also the so-called hybrids.
- The holes to be dug should be about 8 cm deep and separated by at least 30 cm from each other.
- The distance may seem excessive at first, but as the plant begins to flower the entire area will be dense.
- Once the holes have been dug and the seedlings planted, it will be enough to cover the holes with the same soil, making sure that the roots are well covered and the ground is compact.
- It is recommended to water the land as indicated above and that’s it, just the aforementioned care and wait for flowering will suffice.
- A tip to keep the soil moist is to make a straw padded soil on the ground, which will also help prevent the proliferation of weeds.
- On the other hand, covers with wire tunnels, posts, and ridges are suitable to protect the plant from extreme freezing temperatures and help accelerate the ripening of the fruits.
Best time to plant strawberries
Do you know what is best for planting strawberry?
What you can also plant them in your garden . Seriously.
I ask for a few minutes of your attention so that you read the article and then put it into practice.
The benefits there are several about blank
- Top-quality planting strawberry.
- Strawberries without insecticides or chemicals.
- The enormous pleasure of sowing them, watching them grow, and harvesting them.
strawberries are a type of vegetable fruit and are part of the most popular fruits worldwide and also are among the favorite of young and old.
And it is that it does not cost much to delight yourself thanks to its sweet and acid flavor that are a pleasure for the palate and its attractive and intense reddish color that captivates the eye;
And if that were not enough, they offer great nutritional properties such as high doses of vitamin C, vitamin A, and E, they provide minerals such as potassium, iron, phosphorus, and magnesium, and they are a rich source of water.
Planting strawberry is very simple
Fortunately, planting strawberry is very simple, in fact, it is one of the easiest plants to grow;
Therefore, displaying an exotic plant that provides a tropical fruit of high nutritional value will be a simple task. about: blank
The cultivation of strawberries can be done in a garden or at home, either in a pot or in a garden.
It is a cold-resistant planting that can grow in hot or cold places, enduring freezing temperatures.
It has a preference for soils rich in compost and with controlled moisture content,
in fact, this is one of the best cares when sowing strawberries, the irrigation system, and the water content, as it is a plant very sensitive to rot. by humidity, as will be detailed later.
preparing strawberry plants for winter
Strawberries in winter SEASON
Preparing strawberry plants for winter cultivation supports climatic variations very well, especially in cold climates.
The best time for its cultivation is usually between the end of winter and the spring season, that is,
February to April for the northern hemisphere regions and from August to September for those of the southern hemisphere.
What is the collection time for the strawberry?
The flowering and maturation time of the fruit will depend on the species that are being planted.
It is often said that the fruit can be harvested 10 months after cultivation ,
however this statement is very lax considering that each species has a different period of time, despite the fact that all are planted in spring.
For example, the so-called June-bearing grow their crops one year after sowing, mainly in June. Those of the Everbearing species have little fruiting in the summer season, but intense in the autumn and spring season of the same year of cultivation.
And Day-neutral Planting strawberry also produces fruit the same year they are planted, but on warm days.
Only three of the best-known species that can be obtained have been named here,
however, there are other species such as Earligrow, Annapolis, Honeoye, Delmarvel, Seneca, Jewel, Kent, Allstar, Tristar, Tribute, among others.
Each of these species, in addition to having a particular flowering time,
bears fruits with different morphological characteristics, so the choice between the varieties will depend on what the grower deserves and the quality of the sowing he wishes to obtain.
Harvesting is recommended to be done quickly in the morning hours and when they acquire a bright and intense red color,
in order to fully appreciate the freshness and sweetness of the fruit.
Where should we grow strawberries?
strawberry plant spacing
The geographical regions where strawberries are best grown are in temperate climates, however,
thanks to the emergence and worldwide spread of greenhouses,
the conditions for growing strawberries can be given almost anywhere in the world.
Likewise, strawberries can be grown at home in pots placed in a place where there is enough sunlight,
directly on the ground in the garden or the open field.
In addition to planting the strawberries in the ground,
there is another alternative on the site since it can also be done through hydroponics by the NFT technique,
giving a more efficient crop and more delicious fruits, allowing the optimization of resources.
To clarify these two terms a bit, hydroponics is an agricultural technique where instead of using agricultural soil,
plants are grown in mineral solutions, that is, on water.
For its part, the NFT technique ( Nutrient Flow Technique,
for its acronym in English) is a recirculation system where there is a continuous flow of water and consists of a diagonal channel through
which the nutrient solution passes constantly and in which the plants are placed in the upper part, in such a way that the roots are in contact with the solution.
What substrate do you need
Substrate for strawberry
The main requirement of the land for planting strawberries is to maintain it with a high content of nutrients and organic matter.
For this, it is recommended to fertilize the land twice a year, in the spring and winter seasons. Also, the soil must be soft and cool.
To keep the land with a high content of organic matter,
it will be enough to grow a mulch enriched with organic compost, compost, or manure.
How are the strawberries watered?
Strawberry cultivation is quite sensitive to humidity, so having an adequate irrigation system and drainage system will be essential.
Strawberries need to absorb water constantly but avoiding the formation of puddles,
so the amount of water must be limited, otherwise, the plantation will rot.
The drip irrigation is the most recommended. This system allows to irrigate and infiltrate the water directly towards the roots of the plant.
Regarding the frequency of irrigation, the first two weeks
it is recommended to water them every three days and then every two days.
Taking care of strawberry plants
Strawberry plant care
It is important to keep the strawberry crop pruned,
to keep the plant strong, prevent the proliferation of pests, and eliminate weeds.
An annual pruning could be sufficient and depending on the density of the plant,
pruning can be done manually or mechanically.
In the case of manual pruning, it will be enough to detach the leaves that do not look healthy; in the same way, the first flowers that the plant throws must be eliminated to strengthen the following blooms.
It is also recommended that the plant has a system that allows it to grow and rise,
since if the fruit touches the ground it can be eaten by insects or rotten by humidity.
To protect plants from atmospheric conditions, we have:
- Protection against extreme temperatures: In case of being in a winter frost season, a tarp can be placed on the plant to protect it from extreme and low temperatures.
- Sun protection: Strawberries thrive in temperate climates, however, they are sun lovers, so adequate but not excessive sun exposure will be ideal to achieve a showy, leafy plant with large fruits that grow faster. It is recommended that the plant receives about 5 hours of daily light.
What pests should we avoid and how to do it?
Like any other plant,
The strawberry crop is susceptible to attack by pests or diseases that can kill the crop and hence the importance of detecting them in time, to take the necessary preventive and corrective action.
Among the most common pests and diseases of strawberry, we find:
The so-called white disease is caused by a fungus called Oidium.
Fortunately, its diagnosis is quite simple as it is detected by the presence of an “ashy white powder”
On the leaves, shoots, and fruits, which later acquire a yellow color and dry out.
The conditions that favor the appearance of this fungus are humidity (70-80%) and mild temperatures.
Temperatures above 35 ° C are usually deadly, so a good method of combat is to expose the plant to the sun.
The fungicides of contact are also a good alternative because this is an external fungus.
It is a disease that is detected by the appearance of yellowish-brown spots on the leaves, prior to their fall.
The spider mite is a red mite that has the possibility of weaving webs, hence its name. This mite usually develops on plants that do not have sufficient watering, as they prefer dry and hot conditions.
It is usually located on the back of the leaves and the invasion occurs in the months of higher humidity such as June .
The best prevention against this animal is to water the plant properly and subject it to sufficient hours of sunlight as the mite is sensitive to the sun and does not proliferate in dry environments.
One of the most effective methods to combat the spider mite is manual removal, provided the population density is low, or the use of potassium soap, followed by neem oil.
Potassium soap is a mixture of potassium hydroxide, mineral oil, and water that is responsible for damaging the exoskeleton of insects and therefore causes their death avoiding, ecologically and very effective in the long term, the spread of the plague more, be it the red spider or any other susceptible animal.
Aphids are small green pests of 3 mm in size and are one of the most common pests that can also occur when planting strawberries,
and are accompanied by an army of ants, so the headache will be double.
The damage is caused by the feeding method they have, as they are responsible
for extracting the sap from the leaves and secreting a substance that prevents photosynthesis.
The ant-aphid relationship stems from the fact that the aphid secretes a sugary substance that attracts the ants and these provide protection against ladybugs,
which are the main natural predators of aphids.
To eliminate aphids, the leaves can be brushed to drag them off the leaves,
but this will only be effective if they are detected in the initial stages of the attack.
When the attack is already advanced, you can resort to the use of ladybugs as natural predators, use of repellent plants such as basil, sage, coriander, rosemary, garlic, lavender, lemon balm, and mint that thanks to their strong smell repel these animals and finally the use of chemical disinfectants.
planting strawberries in the fall
FORM AND SEASON OF SOWING
The planting date goes from mid-April with a fresh plant. The land to choose must be high, with good fertility and drainage, it is convenient that it has a certain slope to evacuate excess water in periods of high rainfall.
The cultivation begins with the seedling from a mother plant through its rooted stolons that are obtained in the nurseries in April and May. It is planted in June-July and goes into production quickly with very little vegetative development, low yield, but excellent fruit quality. Planting is carried out on raised ridges (at least 25 cm high) and 1.20 m apart from center to center. A double staggered row is planted on the spine, 30 cm between the two rows and equal distance between plants.
VARIETIES OF STRAWBERRIES:
They can be short days: Camarosa, Sweet Charlie, Rosalinda, Cal Giant 3, Tudnew; or neutral days (reflowering): Jungle, Aromas, Seascape, Diamond.
Growing strawberries from seed:
Twenty days after planting strawberry, a carpid is made. Irrigation can be localized, with a perforated polyethylene sleeve, drip irrigation, or furrow. In summer we water 2 times a day and in winter 2 to 3 times a week. Regarding diseases, it is a crop that requires a lot of care, on the one hand, we have those caused by fungi such as Powdery mildew (whitish spots on the underside of leaves), these deform and curl and can affect the entire plant, smallpox (affects only the aerial part with dark spots), burn or scald (on the petiole, stems and leaves, purple to yellow spots).
Of the diseases caused by bacteria, the most important is the angular spot on the leaf (small spots delimited by the veins, watery on the underside of the leaves, transparent to the light, can cover the entire leaf).
Diseases caused by viruses cause loss of vigor, light green mottling on leaves, chlorotic spots or bands along the veins, dwarfism, leaf deformation. Most are transmitted by vectors such as aphids and thrips).
Harvest Of Planting Strawberry
The fruit, which we also know as “strawberry” is actually a thickening of the flower receptacle, the “dots” on it being the real fruits.
The fruit must be almost completely red and with its characteristic aroma to take advantage of its beneficial components (antioxidants, vitamin C, fiber, and potassium), harvesting it carefully in the morning, preserving the upper leaves and a small piece of the peduncle