How to Grow Peppers? What are the Types of Pepper?
How to Grow Peppers?
How to grow peppers, which are used everywhere in summer, from salads to meals? Using the right methods to grow peppers in the garden and on the balcony, you can enjoy eating peppers from their branches during the summer and pickle from the last harvest for the winter period. So, let’s continue with the details of pepper cultivation without losing much time.
How to Grow Peppers? What are the Types of Pepper?
growing peppers, pepper varieties
Perhaps one of the vegetables with the most variety is pepper. Therefore, first you need to choose what kind of pepper or pepper types you want to bread.
Capia pepper: Also known as tomato paste. You can roast capia pepper, which gives flavor to those delicious pepper paste with its aroma, and use it as a salad or garnish. If you want to make tomato paste, remember that you will need a large area.
Charleston pepper: Charleston peppers, which are fried, roasted, or chopped raw into salads, are a long and slightly thick variety.
Hair pepper: Its thin and long flavor is indispensable. There are two types of pepper, bitter and sweet.
Bell Pepper: For those who like stuffed with olive oil and meat, you can collect this flavor from the branch during the summer.
Village Pepper: Village pepper, which is deeply plump, shorter than the length but has a full flavor, is also called three nose peppers in terms of its shape.
Albanian Pepper: This pepper, also known as ball pepper, grows in small pots even in front of a glass, is ideal for hot pepper lovers.
Hot peppers: Small hot peppers with stunted sizes such as cayenne pepper, which are mostly pickled, are for those who seek bitterness in their taste.
Sivri Pepper: As you can consume it as green, it becomes a different flavor when you wait for it to be fried.
You can also make hot or sweet chili peppers from chili peppers, which have several different types.
This is the type of pepper in general.
However, they all have their own varieties. While buying seedlings or pepper seeds, you can choose the one you want by doing a detailed examination. If you decide to buy seeds and make seedlings yourself, you can learn how to do it step by step from our article on growing organic seedlings.
How to Grow Peppers in the Garden?
The rule that applies to all vegetables and fruits is the same for peppers. So the rules change a little in the garden and balcony. The first thing you need to do before planting the pepper seedlings in your garden is soil preparation.
Depending on the size of the area to be planted, 1 month before the planting time, the first process is to top up the soil with the help of waist or hoeing.
Thus, the soil is aerated, crumbled and ready for all kinds of vegetables and fruits.
During this period , you can mix the organic fertilizer with the soil and leave it to rest. Before planting your pepper seedlings, you should prepare the planting areas 2 days in advance.
The distance between the rows you will prepare according to the number of seedlings should be 60 cm, and the distance between the seedlings you will plant on a row should be 40 cm.
How to grow peppers in the garden
According to these measurements, determine the seedling locations with a waist or anchor behind and open pits with an average depth of 25 cm and mix with peat or organic fertilizer.
The fertilizer-soil ratio is 1 in 4 and the remainder is in the form of soil. Before planting your seedlings, moisten the areas you have aired in this way for 2 days by sprinkling with a hose.
Plant your seedlings and gently press the bottoms with soil. Thus, its root will be in full contact with the soil and will not be airborne.
The detail you need to pay attention to when planting is the seedling depth. This depth depends on the size of your seedling.
When you plant the seedling, the leaves should not come into contact with the soil in any way.
Therefore, plant 2 fingers with the stem part exposed. Then give the first watering water with bottom irrigation.
How to Hoe in Pepper Growing?
If you are growing peppers in the garden, you will be able to perform both throat filling and weeding by hoeing at regular intervals.
For this, you should stay 5-6cm away from the roots every 15 days and hoe the soil and fill it with soil towards the root.
Thus, you will provide support to keep the growing pepper seedlings in balance. On the other hand, you will help your seedlings stay alive by airing the soil.
How to Grow Peppers on the Balcony?
Let’s get to the subtleties of growing peppers on the balcony. First of all, you should choose a sunny area on your balcony. Especially for the type of peppers that will be browned.
When growing peppers in pots, the important thing is to choose the depth that the pepper needs. For dwarf pepper types, Albanian, pickled hot peppers, you can plant them in single pots of 25 cm deep or in long rectangular pots.
For other pepper varieties, you can use single pots 30 cm deep and at least 25 cm in diameter. I recommend that the pots are plastic. Because another important detail is that the soil can breathe.
How to Transplant pepper
Let’s get to how to transplant. When preparing the pots, using 2 measures of garden soil, one measure of fertilizer and one measure of peat will allow you to create the ideal soil for pepper.
So how much soil should you put in the pot? In the first place, you should leave 3 fingers space from the top in the pot and plant your seedling in the middle of the pot.
Pepper Seedling Grows in Size
As your seedling grows in size, it needs support and balancing with soil from the root zone. We leave 3 bars of space from the very beginning to do the process we call throat filling in the garden.
As the pepper seedlings grow, we fill the pot with only peat or peat soil mixture and we both feed the seedlings and cover the root part with soil. You can also find detailed information about other vegetables and fruits in our article on growing vegetables on the balcony.
Pepper Fertilization and Irrigation
How Should Fertilization and Irrigation Be Done in Pepper Growing?
While growing peppers, we do the fertilization process 3 times. The first is made with the mixture we prepare while planting the seedlings in the soil or a pot.
When your second-stage pepper seedlings give their first buds, we feed them once again with peat or organic fertilizer. If it is necessary to give a standard size, 2 palms will be sufficient. The last fertilization process should be when you start to get the first fruits. Thus, you can ensure that they give more and longer pepper.
Grow peppers in the garden
Growing peppers, peppers in the garden, peppers on the balcony
Pepper loves water very much. However, it does not like the water coming to the body part and leaves.
If you have the opportunity in your garden, you can use the drip irrigation method.
If you are going to irrigate with a hose, you should irrigate once every 4-5 days in the spring, and every 2 days in the very hot summer, without using high-pressure water and not directly coming to the root.
peppers in pots
For peppers in pots, you can water it directly without reaching the roots and leaves with the help of a fine waterer. Since the need for watering in pots will be more, you should pay attention to water every day.
Irrigation time should be done in the early morning hours or at sunset before sunrise. Thus, you protect your plant from leaf burns.
Grow Pepper Disease Control Methods
How to Grow Peppers? Disease Control Methods
red peppers, peppers, peppers in the garden
The most common diseases that peppers are caught are root throat disease, stem blight, powdery mildew on leaves. Incorrect irrigation practices, fungal diseases that may come from the soil can cause you to experience such problems.
Pepper Garden Pest
Garden pests that haunt peppers are leafhopper, aphid, and fruit worm. You can use our home-made herbal remedies article for the natural fight against all these diseases and pests.
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